|Mediterranean Sea |
Known as the cradle of civilization, the Mediterranean was opened as a highway for commerce by merchants trading from Phoenicia
The Mediterranean Sea is an almost completely closed basin where the continuous inflow of surface water from the Atlantic Ocean is the sea's major source of replenishment and water renewal. It is estimated waters take over a century to be completely renewed through the Strait of Gibraltar wich is only 300 m (1000 ft) deep. The scarce inflow, coupled with high evaporation, makes the Mediterranean much saltier than the Atlantic Ocean.